Existing Metro Rail Systems

Atlanta | Baltimore | Boston | Chicago | Cleveland | Detroit | Irving | Jacksonville | Las Vegas | Los Angeles | Miami | Montréal | Morgantown | New York | Philadelphia | San Francisco | San Juan | Toronto | Vancouver | Washington

Note that projects currently under construction and projects being planned are noted on their respective pages.Use the feedback form at the end of the page to suggest updates. Airport people movers are not included here.

  • Atlanta
    • MARTA
      • 47.6-mile system with 38 stations
      • Four services:
        • Blue Line: east-west from Indian Creek to H.E. Holmes
        • Green Line: east-west from Edgewood to Bankhead
        • Yellow Line: north-south from Doraville to Airport
        • Red Line: north-south from North Springs to Airport
      • Two major lines, north-south (Yellow and Red Line) and east-west (Blue and Green Lines), each share major trackage; all four intersect in downtown tunnels at Five Points Station
      • First segment opened in 1979
      • Around 260,000 daily riders
      • Expansions have been discussed, but funding will likely go to light rail
  • Baltimore
    • Metro Subway
      • 15.2-mile line from Johns Hopkins Hospital to Owings Mills, via downtown Baltimore, with 14 stations
      • First segment opened in 1983
      • Route at grade, except for tunneled section under downtown Baltimore
      • About 60,000 daily riders
      • Extension from Johns Hopkins Hospital to the Northeast side of the city has been under consideration
  • Boston
    • MBTA Subway
      • 38-mile system with 51 stations
      • Three services:
        • Red Line: north-south from Alewife to Ashmont (one branch) and Braintree (another branch), via Cambridge and downtown Boston
        • Orange Line: north-south from Oak Grove to Forest Hills, via downtown
        • Blue Line: north-south from Wonderland to downtown
      • First segment (part of the Red Line) opened in 1912
      • Trains on each of the three lines are incompatible
      • About 480,000 daily riders
      • Extensions of the Blue Line north to Lynn and south to Charles/MGH are in consideration
      • Relevant article on the Transport Politic: MBTA moves forward with Blue Line extension planning, 28 July 2009
  • Chicago
    • CTA L
      • 106.1-mile system with 144 stations
      • Eight services:
        • Red Line: north-south from Howard to 95th/Dan Ryan, via downtown
        • Blue Line: east-west from O’Hare Airport to Forest Park, via downtown
        • Green Line: west-south from Harlem/Lake to Ashland/63rd Street (one branch) and Cottage Grove (another branch), via downtown
        • Orange Line: southwest from downtown to Midway Airport
        • Pink Line: southwest from downtown to 54th/Cermak
        • Brown Line: northwest from downtown to Kimball
        • Purple Line: north from downtown to Linden
        • Yellow Line: east-west from Howard to Skokie
      • System mostly elevated, with downtown segments of the Blue and Red Lines operated in tunnels. Elevated downtown loop shared between Purple, Brown, Green, Pink, and Orange Lines
      • First segment (now part of Green Line) opened in 1892
      • About 730,000 daily riders
      • Extensions of Red, Yellow, and Orange Lines being planned; new Circle Line also under development
      • Relevant article on the Transport Politic: Chicago moves forward with three rapid transit extensions, 13 August 2009
  • Cleveland
    • RTA Red Line
      • 19-mile line from Airport to Stokes/Windermere, via downtown Cleveland, with 18 stations
      • Route mostly at grade
      • First segment opened in 1955
      • About 27,000 daily riders
  • Detroit
    • People Mover
      • 2.9-mile one-way automated loop line around the center of downtown Detroit, with 13 stations
      • Route is entirely elevated
      • Opened in 1987
      • About 7,500 daily riders
  • Irving
    • Las Colinas APT System
      • 1.4-mile automated system, running from Urban Towers to The Tower on Lake Carolyn (one branch) and 600 East Las Colinas Blvd (another branch), with 4 stations
      • Route is entirely elevated
      • First segment opened in June 1989 (closed between July 1993 and December 1996)
      • Extension to Dallas DART Orange Line light rail currently in planning, with several more stations planned as part of the expansion
  • Jacksonville
    • JTA Skyway
      • 2.5-mile automated system with two branches from downtown to Convention Center and to Kings Avenue, with 8 stations
      • Route is entirely elevated
      • First segment opened in 1989
      • About 2,000 daily riders
  • Las Vegas
    • Monorail
      • 3.9-mile system from Sahara Casino to MGM Grand Casino, with 7 stations
      • Route is privately owned (by a non-profit); construction was funded by casino owners
      • Opened in July 2004
      • About 23,000 daily riders
      • Extension has been proposed to airport and to downtown Las Vegas, but funds are lacking as system declared bankruptcy in 2010
  • Los Angeles
    • MetroRail
      • 17.4-mile system, with 16 stations
      • Two services:
        • Red Line: northwest from downtown to North Hollywood
        • Purple Line: west from downtown to Wilshire/Western
      • System entirely operated in tunnel, two lines share the downtown segment
      • First segment opened in January 1993
      • About 160,000 daily riders
      • Extensions being planned for Purple Line to Santa Monica, Red Line to San Fernando Airport, and Red Line through Beverly Center
      • Relevant article on the Transport Politic: Los Angeles has big transit ambitions, but which project comes first?, 22 October 2009
  • Miami
    • Metrorail
      • 22.4-mile line, running north-south from Palmetto to Dadeland South, via downtown Miami, with 22 stations
      • System entirely elevated
      • First segment opened in May 1984
      • About 67,000 daily riders
      • Extensions being planned west to Miami Airport, north to Carol City
    • Metromover
      • 4.4-mile automated system, with 22 stations located in Miami’s downtown core
      • System is entirely elevated and direct connected to Metrorail system
      • Three services:
        • Omni: from School Board to counter-clockwise around downtown loop
        • Brickell: from Financial District to counter-clockwise around downtown loop
        • Downtown: clockwise around downtown loop
      • First segment opened in April 1986
      • About 30,000 daily riders
  • Montréal
    • Métro
      • 44.1-mile system, with 68 stations
      • System entirely operated underground
      • Four services:
        • Orange Line: from Côte-Vertu to Montmorency, via downtown
        • Blue Line: from Snowdon to Saint-Michel
        • Green Line: from Angrignon to Honoré-Beaugrand, via downtown
        • Yellow Line: from downtown to Longueuil
      • First segment (part of the Green Line) opened in October 1966
      • About 990,000 daily riders
      • Expansions planned for Orange, Blue, and Yellow Lines
      • Relevant article on the Transport Politic: Montréal and Québec leaders announce irreversible decision to expand Metro, 18 September 2009
  • Morgantown
    • PRT
      • 8.2-mile system, running from downtown Morganton to the three campuses of West Virginia University, with 5 stations
      • Automated system provides demand-response service at off-peak hours but operates on scheduled routes at other times
      • Opened in 1975
      • About 16,000 daily riders
  • New York
    • Subway
      • 229-mile system, with 468 stations
      • Twelve services, 26 lines:
        • Seventh Avenue Lines (Red): 1, 2, and 3 Subways, serving the Bronx, Manhattan, and Brooklyn
        • Lexington Avenue Lines (Green): 4, 5, and 6 Subways, serving the Bronx, Manhattan, and Brooklyn
        • Flushing Line (Purple): 7 Subway, serving Manhattan and Queens
        • Eighth Avenue Lines (Blue): A, C, and E Subways, serving Queens, Manhattan, and Brooklyn
        • Sixth Avenue Lines (Orange): B, D, F, and M Subways, serving the Bronx, Manhattan, Queens, and Brooklyn
        • Broadway Lines (Yellow): N, Q, and R Subways, serving Queens, Manhattan, and Brooklyn
        • Nassau St Lines (Brown): J and Z subways, serving Queens, Manhattan, and Brooklyn
        • Crosstown Line (Light Green): G Subway, serving Brooklyn and Queens
        • Canarsie Line (Silver): L Subway, serving Brooklyn and Manhattan
        • 42nd St Shuttle: S Subway, serving Manhattan
        • Franklin Ave Shuttle: S Subway, serving Brooklyn
        • Rockaway Park Shuttle: S Subway, serving Queens
      • First subway segment (now part of Seventh Ave, 42nd Street Shuttle, and Lexington Ave Lines) opened in October 1904
      • About 7,430,000 daily riders
      • Expansions planned for 7 and Q (2nd Avenue Subway) Lines
    • Staten Island Railway
      • 14-mile line, running north-south from St. George to Tottenville, with 23 stations
      • Line operates at grade
      • Opened in 1860
      • About 14,000 daily riders
      • Extension has been proposed along existing North Shore freight line, but no funding is available and the project might be light rail instead
    • PATH
      • 13.8-mile system links Manhattan and Northern New Jersey with 13 stations
      • Three services:
        • Red Line: from Newark-Penn Station to World Trade Center, via Jersey City
        • Yellow Line: from Journal Square to 33rd Street
        • Green Line: from Hoboken to World Trade Center, via Jersey City
      • First segment opened in 1908
      • About 245,000 daily riders
      • Extension to Newark Liberty Airport has been proposed
  • Philadelphia
    • SEPTA Rapid Transit
      • 25-mile network with 50 stations
      • Three services:
        • Market-Frankford Line: runs west-northeast from 69th Street Terminal to Frankford, via Center City
        • Broad Street Line: runs north-south from Fern Rock to Pattison, via Center City
        • Broad-Ridge Spur: runs north-south (mostly along same corridor as Broad Street Line) from Fern Rock to 8th St in Center City
      • Broad Street lines are entirely in subway; Market-Frankford Line is in subway downtown and elevated outside of downtown; express services offered on both
      • First segment of MFL opened in March 1907; BSS in September 1928
      • About 290,000 daily riders
      • Extension of Broad Street Line north up Roosevelt Boulevard and south to Navy Yard has been proposed
    • PATCO Speedline
      • 14.2-mile line, from Lindenwold to 15th St/Locust in Center City Philadelphia, via Camden, with 13 stations
      • Opened June 1936
      • About 38,000 daily riders
    • Norristown High-Speed Line (Route 100)
      • 13.4-mile line from 69th Street in Philadelphia to Norristown, via Villanova
      • Line has mostly single car operation and has frequent stops more typical of light rail; various types of express and local services are offered
      • Opened in 1907
      • About 9,000 daily riders
      • Extension to King of Prussia mall and office parks has been proposed
  • San Francisco
    • BART
      • 104-mile system with 43 stations
      • Five services:
        • Red Line: Millbrae to Richmond, via downtown San Francisco and downtown Oakland
        • Yellow Line: SFO Airport to Pittsburg/Bay Point, via downtown San Francisco and downtown Oakland
        • Blue Line: Daly City to Dublin/Pleasanton, via downtown San Francisco and San Leandro
        • Green Line: Daly City to Fremont, via downtown San Francisco and San Leandro
        • Orange Line: Richmond to Fremont, via downtown Oakland and San Leandro
      • All services except the Orange Line share downtown San Francisco Market Street tunnel and Transbay Tube
      • First segment opened in September 1972
      • About 360,000 daily riders
      • Extensions to Silicon Valley and Livermore in planning
  • San Juan
    • Tren Urbano
      • 10.7-mile line, running east-north from Bayamón to Sagrado Corazón, with 16 stations
      • Opened December 2004
      • About 39,000 daily riders
      • Extension to Old San Juan originally planned but if built would likely be completed as light rail
  • Toronto
    • Subway and RT
      • 42.4-mile system with 69 stations
      • Four services:
        • Bloor-Danforth Line (Green): from Kipling to Kennedy, via Midtown
        • Yonge-University-Spadina Line (Yellow): from Downsview to Finch, via Midtown and Downtown
        • Sheppard Line (Purple): from Sheppard/Yonge to Don Mills
        • Scarborough RT (Blue): from Kennedy to McCowan
      • First segment (part of Yonge-Spadina Line) opened in March 1954
      • About 940,000 daily riders
      • Extensions from both termini of the Yonge-Spadina line are currently in planning
      • Scarborough RT is planned for extension and conversion to light rail
  • Vancouver
    • SkyTrain
      • 42.7-mile automated system with 47 stations
      • Three services:
        • Expo Line: from Waterfront to King George, via Commercial-Broadway and Columbia
        • Millennium Line: from Waterfront to Commercial-Broadway, via Commercial-Broadway and Columbia
        • Canada Line: from Waterfront to Airport (one branch) and Richmond (another branch), via City Hall
      • About 370,000 daily riders
      • First segment (on Expo Line) opened in December 1985
      • Expo and Millennium Line share corridor between Waterfront and Columbia and have shared tracks — the two lines share technology; Canada Line has its own technology
      • Most recently completed: Canada Line in August 2009
      • Extensions of Millennium Line along Broadway to UBC campus and creation of new Evergreen Line in planning
      • Relevant article on the Transport Politic: Vancouver opens Canada Line months ahead of schedule, 17 August 2009
  • Washington
    • Metrorail
      • 106.3-mile system with 86 stations
      • Five services:
        • Red Line: from Shady Grove to Glenmont, via Bethesda, downtown Washington, and Silver Spring
        • Orange Line: from Vienna to New Carrollton, via Arlington and downtown Washington
        • Blue Line: from Franconia-Springfield to Largo Town Center, via Alexandria, Arlington, and downtown Washington
        • Yellow Line: from Huntington to Fort Totten, via Alexandria and downtown Washington
        • Green Line: from Greenbelt to Branch Avenue, via downtown Washington
      • First segment (part of the Red Line) opened March 1976
      • Blue and Orange Line share downtown route; Yellow and Blue Line share Alexandria route; Yellow and Green Line share downtown route
      • About 800,000 daily riders
      • Extension of Orange Line to Dulles Airport under construction (known as Silver Line), extension of Green Line north possible
      • Relevant article on the Transport Politic: Stretching the limits of Washington’s dense core, 19 November 2009

The Site / The Fight

by Yonah Freemark

yfreemark (at) thetransportpolitic (dot) com

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