» New streetcar, light rail, and commuter train systems will open in 2010. But the real story is in the new lines being constructed.
2009 was a huge year in North American public transportation, with the opening of new light rail lines in Seattle, Portland, Dallas, and Los Angeles as well as a new SkyTrain link in Vancouver representing a more than $6 billion overall investment in new fixed guideway transit nationwide.
This year, the biggest event will be late in the year when Dallas’ Green Line, the nation’s longest light rail project at 28 miles, will open for full service. Six other major projects will open throughout 2010 in other cities in North America. But at the same time, transit systems throughout the U.S. and Canada will begin construction on almost two dozen new major corridors whose ultimate investment cost will total more than $20 billion once they’re completed — one of the biggest years of construction starts ever.
This is on top of the dozen of projects in fifteen North American cities already under construction that will be completed in later years.
Before, I’ve summarized the projects coming online in 2010 with new service and those beginning construction. Remember that The Transport Politic features year-round updates of this information on the Under Construction and Planned pages.
» Vancouver Downtown Streetcar opens (1.1-mile streetcar), running as a demonstration line for the 2010 Winter Olympics being held in the city. Project’s success will determine the future use of streetcars in the city.
» Austin Capital MetroRail opens (32-mile CR DMU), connecting Downtown Austin to Leander. Expected 2,000 daily trips. Originally expected to open in 2009. Relevant article on the Transport Politic: What’s Taking Austin So Long?, 8 June 2009.
» Edmonton South LRT Extension opens (4.5-mile LRT), running as an extension of the existing line from Health Sciences Station to Century Park Station. Expected 100,000 daily riders. First segment, to South Campus, opened in 2009. C$673 million cost.
» Montréal Train de L’Est opens (32-mile CR), connecting the city’s Gare Centrale with the east island and Mascouche in the Rive-Nord. C$300 million cost.
» Dallas DART Green Line opens (28-mile LRT), completing Northwest-Southeast trajectory, sharing downtown segments with existing Red and Blue Lines. First segment opened in September 2009. $1.8 billion cost. Relevant article on the Transport Politic: First Phase of New Green Line Expands Service to South Dallas, 13 September 2009.
» Denton County A-Train opens (21-mile regional rail DMU), running from Denton to North Carrollton, designed to interface with the DART Green Line expansion. $191 million cost.
» Los Angeles Expo Line Phase 1A opens (5-mile LRT), from Downtown Los Angeles to Crenshaw Boulevard. Because of cost increases and construction delay, completion of the whole 8.6-mile line to Culver City won’t be done until 2012. $864 million cost. Relevant article on the Transport Politic: Expo Line to Santa Monica, 5 April 2009.
New Construction Starts
» West Line (5.2-mile LRT), extension of the existing 7th Avenue LRT to 69th Street SW. C$700 million cost, projected opening 2012.
» Streetcar (3.9-mile streetcar), running north-south through downtown. $102 million cost, 6,400 estimated daily riders, projected opening 2011. Relevant article on the Transport Politic: Cincinnati’s Riverfront Transit Center Attracts Criticism, 7 July 2009.
» East Line (22.8-mile electric CR), to run from downtown Union Station to DIA airport. $1.3 billion cost, projected opening 2015. Relevant article on the Transport Politic: Denver FasTracks Problems Expose Complexities of Building Transit at the Regional Scale, 7 December 2009.
» M1 Rail Line (3.4-mile LRT), running northwest from Downtown Detroit along Woodward Avenue to Midtown. $125 million cost, projected opening 2011. Relevant articles on the Transport Politic: Detroit Considers a Streetcar, 18 November 2008;Detroit Regional Transit Plan Approved, 9 December 2008; Bringing Rapid Transit to Detroit, 16 March 2009; Congress Approves M1 Involvement in Detroit Light Rail, 21 December 2009.
» Downtown to NAIT (1.9-mile LRT), extends existing line from Churchill Square to Northern Alberta Institute of Technology. C$825 million cost, projected opening 2014. Relevant article on the Transport Politic: Edmonton, First North American City with Modern Light Rail, Plans Major Expansion, 12 November 2009.
» Southwest to Northeast (CR DMU), from southwest Fort Worth to DFW Airport. Projected opening in 2013.
» Main Line (20-mile LRT), stretching east-west from Kapolei to Ala Moana Center. $5.3 billion cost, 90,000 estimated daily riders, projected opening in phases from 2012 to 2018. Relevant articles on the Transport Politic: Honolulu’s LRT Re-routed, 29 January 2009; Is Honolulu’s Elevated Acceptable?, 19 May 2009; Still in Planning, Ambitious Honolulu Rail Transit Project May be in Financial Trouble, 21 August 2009.
» University Line (10-mile LRT), connects all of the city’s planned light rail corridors. Estimated 49,000 daily riders, projected opening in 2012. Relevant articles on the Transport Politic: Houston Readies Four Light Rail Lines by 2012, 16 February 2009; After Years of Conflict, Houston’s Transit System Advances, 28 May 2009.
» Uptown Line (4-mile LRT), links University Line to areas in North Houston. Projected opening in 2012.
» Perris Valley Line (24-mile CR), extends existing MetroLink System from Riverside to Perris along I-215 corridor. $169 million cost, 5,700 estimated daily riders, projected completion in 2011.
» SunRail (61-mile CR DMU), would run north-south form Poinciana to DeLand, via Orlando. $615 million cost, 7,400 estimated daily riders, projected opening in phases from 2011 to 2013. Relevant articles on the Transport Politic: Rail in Florida Advances, 5 February 2009; SunRail and Florida HSR Promoted as Inexorably Linked, 11 April 2009; Florida Convenes Special Legislative Session for SunRail, Tri-Rail, and High-Speed Rail, 4 December 2009.
» Downtown-Natomas Airport Line (13-mile LRT), from downtown to the airport. Projected opening 2014.
» South Corridor (4.3-mile LRT), extending existing service from Meadowview to Cosumnes River College Station. $270 million cost, 11,270 estimated daily riders, projected opening 2012.
» Riverfront Line (Streetcar), extending across downtown. Projected opening 2011.
Salt Lake City
» Draper Line (LRT), extends existing north-south line to Draper City, via Sandy City. Projected opening 2015.
» MUNI Central Subway (1.7-mile LRT), extending existing T-Third Street line from Caltrain Terminal to Chinatown. $1.29 billion cost, 78,000 estimated daily riders, projected opening 2016.
» eBART (10-mile CR DMU), to stretch east-west from BART Pittsburg/Bay Point Station to Antioch. $523 million cost, 10,100 estimated daily riders, projected opening 2014.
» BART to Silicon Valley (16.1-mile metro), running south, west, and then north to Santa Clara, via Downtown San Jose. $6 billion cost, 90,000 estimated daily riders, projected opening 2018. Relevant article on the Transport Politic: BART to Silicon Valley Likely Delayed, 1 March 2009.
» Spadina Subway Extension (5.3-mile metro), extending existing Yonge-University-Spadina Line from Downsview to Vaughan Corporate Center, via York University. C$2.6 billion cost, projected opening 2015.
» Sheppard Avenue East Line (LRT), east-west from Don Mills to Meadowvale Road. C$555 million cost, projected opening 2012. Relevant article on the Transport Politic: Toronto Gets Funds for Another LRT Line, 18 May 2009.
» Etobicoke Finch West Line (LRT), west from Yonge Street to Route 27. C$880 million cost, projected opening 2013.
» Eglington Crosstown Line (19.3-mile LRT), east-west from Kennedy Station to Martin Grove Road. C$2.3 billion cost, projected opening 2015. Relevant article on the Transport Politic: $9 Billion for Toronto’s Eglinton Crosstown and More, 2 April 2009.
» Evergreen Line SkyTrain (6.8-mile metro), extending existing Millennium SkyTrain Line from Longheed Town Centre to Coquitlam Town Center. C$1.4 billion cost, 22,900 estimated daily riders, projected opening 2014. Relevant article on the Transport Politic: Vancouver Faces Major Funding Gap, 31 July 2009.
Already Under Construction, Opening Post-2010
Calgary » Northeast Line Extension (1.8-mile LRT), to open 2012
Dallas » Orange Line (14-mile LRT), to open in phases 2011-2013; Blue Line (4.5-mile LRT), to open 2012
Denver » West Corridor (12-mile CR EMU), to open 2013
Houston » East End Line (3-mile LRT), to open 2012; Southeast Line (6.1-mile LRT), to open 2012; North Line (5.2-mile LRT), to open 2012
Miami » Miami Intermodal Center/Earlington Heights Corridor (Orange Line Phase I — 2.4-mile metro), to open 2011
Minneapolis/St. Paul » Central Corridor (11-mile LRT), to open 2014
New York City/Northern New Jersey » ARC Tunnel (commuter rail), to open 2017; 7 Line Extension (metro), to open 2013; 2nd Ave Line (2-mile metro), to open 2017; LIRR East Side Access (4-mile commuter rail), to open 2015
Norfolk » Tide (7.5-mile LRT), to open 2011
Pittsburgh » North Shore Line (1.2-mile LRT), to open 2011
Portland » Eastside Loop Extension (3.3-mile streetcar), to open 2011
Sacramento » Downtown-Natomas Airport Line (13-mile LRT), to open 2014 (phase I, very short extension, opening 2010)
Salt Lake City » Mid-Jordan Line (10.6-mile LRT), to open 2012; West Valley Line (5.1-mile LRT), to open 2012; Airport Line (6-mile LRT), to open 2015; FrontRunner South (44-mile commuter rail), to open 2013
San Francisco/East Bay » BART to Warm Springs Extension (5.4-mile metro), to open 2014
Seattle » University Link (3.2-mile LRT), to open 2016; Sounder Extension to Lakewood (8-mile commuter rail), to open 2012
Washington/Northern Virginia » Dulles Line (23-mile metro), to open in phases in 2013 and 2016; Streetcar Network (many streetcar lines), to open beginning 2011
More details, of course, on the Under Construction page.