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General Infrastructure

Transit Project Openings in 2024: A Global Review

Dozens of new transit lines will open for service in 2024 around the globe.

Despite the ridership struggles facing transit systems in the United States, nations and cities around the world are investing dramatically in new lines. In this annual post, I review what projects were completed in 2023—and what’s coming over the next year.

Data for this compilation can be viewed freely on Transit Explorer or purchased for use in Shapefile, GeoJSON, and CSV formats. Transit Explorer has been dramatically expanded since last year, now covering metros—as well as many other types of lines—around the world. In addition, the interactive website for the first time allows users to “turn back the time” by seeing what transit in each city looked like in the past.

Previous compilations of new and planned transit projects on The Transport Politic can be found here: 2009 | 2010 | 2011  | 2012  | 2013  | 2014  | 2015  | 2016  | 2017 | 2018 | 2019 | 2020 | 2021 | 2022 | 2023

New transit investments completed in 2023

In 2023, 1,760 kilometers of urban transit—meaning fixed-guideway rail and bus projects within metropolitan areas—opened for service around the world. 1,100 new stations opened along those lines, although many other already existing stations got new service, too. The trends in 2023 represented a continuation of recent trends; in 2022, 1,819 kilometers opened, and in 2021 1,795 kilometers opened.

The majority of the new service came in the form of metro lines, including subway, elevated, and monorail services, which accounted for 64 percent of the total new route mileage. New light rail options added another 10 percent; commuter rail and regional rail another 16 percent; and bus rapid transit routes about 6 percent.

The new lines were concentrated in China, where 45 percent of new route kilometers opened, almost all of which were in the form of metros. That said, Russia (11 percent), the United States (5 percent), Thailand (4 percent), and India (3 percent) also added substantial new transit options. Overall, European Union countries added about 5 percent of new routes.

Major projects that opened included:

  • Bangkok Pink and Yellow Line monorail lines;
  • Beijing Subway Line 17;
  • Chengdu Metro Line 19;
  • Chongqing Metro Line 18;
  • Dalian Metro Line 5;
  • Delhi-Meerut RRTS regional rail (first phase);
  • Edmonton Valley Line Southeast light rail;
  • Fuzhou Metro Line 4;
  • Guiyang Metro Line 3;
  • Helsinki Line 15 light rail;
  • Honolulu Skyline automated metro (first phase);
  • Istanbul Line 11 metro;
  • Greater Jakara LRT (metro) extensions;
  • Kuala Lumpur light metro Line 12;
  • Lagos Blue Line metro first phase;
  • Montréal REM automated metro (first phase);
  • Moscow D3 and D4 regional rail projects;
  • Nanjing Metro Line S4;
  • New York East Side Access commuter rail subway;
  • Shenyang Metro Line 4;
  • Suzhou Metro Line 11;
  • Tel Aviv Red Line light rail;
  • Wenzhou Metro Line S2;
  • Zhengzhou Metro Zhengxu Line;
Rapid transit line openings in 2023

Below, I list the new transit projects that opened in 2023, with the United States listed first, followed by other countries in alphabetical order. Projects are listed by metropolitan area.

United States

  • Albany, New York: Washington-Western (Purple Line) BRT 13.6 km (Bus Rapid Transit) Link. Project links downtown Albany with the city’s west side, including the University at Albany and Crossgates Mall.
  • Chicago, Illinois: Pace Pulse Dempster 25.1 km (Arterial Rapid Transit) Link. This line runs from downtown Evanston west to O’Hare Airport.
  • Honolulu, Hawai’i: Skyline East Kapolei–Aloha Stadium 17.3 km (Heavy Rail) Link. This is the first phase of the city’s elevated automated metro. The line, which will connect to the airport and downtown, will be completed in phases in 2025 and 2031.
  • Los Angeles, California: Regional Connector 3 km (Light Rail) Link. This project created a new cross-downtown subway that allows the Metro A line to run north-south from Azusa to Long Beach and the E line to run east-west from East L.A. to Santa Monica.
  • Milwaukee, Wisconsin: Lakefront Line 1.2 km (Streetcar) Link. This is a short downtown loop that adds to existing service.
  • Milwaukee, Wisconsin: East-West BRT 15.2 km (Bus Rapid Transit) Link. This is the region’s first BRT line, running east-west from downtown to the Medical College of Wisconsin.
  • New York, New York: East Side Access 5.3 km (Commuter Rail) Link. This tunneled extension of the Long Island Railroad brings that service to a new station under Grand Central Terminal in Manhattan.
  • Oklahoma City, Oklahoma: RAPID NW 16 km (Arterial Rapid Transit) Link. This route connects downtown with the Baptist Medical Center in the northwest part of the city.
  • Portland, Oregon (Vancouver, Washington): The Vine Mill Plain 16.2 km (Arterial Rapid Transit) Link. This is an east-west improved bus route north of the Columbia River.
  • Salt Lake, Utah: Ogden/Weber State University BRT 9 km (Bus Rapid Transit) Link. This project connects downtown Ogden (north of Salt Lake City) to the university.
  • San Diego, California: Iris Rapid 20.3 km (Arterial Rapid Transit) Link. This is an east-west route near the city’s southern boundary.
  • Seattle, Washington: Line T Hilltop Extension 3.8 km (Streetcar) Link. This extended this short route to the hill above downtown Tacoma.
  • Seattle, Washington: Delridge/East Marginal RapidRide H 12.7 km (Bus Rapid Transit) Link. This line offered new service to Delridge and Burien on the region’s west side.
  • Spokane, Washington: City Line 9.2 km (Bus Rapid Transit) Link. This is an east-west route offering all-electric bus service through the city center.
  • Florida: Brightline Phase 2 West Palm Beach-Orlando 268.1 km (Intercity Rail) Link. This line connects Orlando International Airport with Miami.

Algeria

  • Mostaganem: Line 1 12 km (Tramway)
  • Mostaganem: Line 2 1.9 km (Tramway)

Bangladesh

  • Dhaka: MRT Line 6 Agargaon–Motijheel 8.5 km (Heavy Rail)

Bolivia

  • Cochabamba: Red Line Estación Cochabamba 0.7 km (Light Rail)
  • Cochabamba: Green Line Quillacollo–Suticollo 12.7 km (Light Rail)

Canada

  • Edmonton, Alberta: Valley Line Stage 1 Southeast 13.2 km (Light Rail) Link
  • London, Ontario: Downtown Loop BRT 2.2 km (Bus Rapid Transit) Link
  • Ottawa, Ontario: Rapibus Lorrain Extension 2.8 km (Bus Rapid Transit) Link
  • Montréal, Québec: REM South Shore 16.7 km (Light Metro) Link

Chile

  • Santiago: Linea 2 La Cisterna-El Pino 5.1 km (Heavy Rail)
  • Santiago: Linea 3 Los Libertadores-Plaza de Quilicura 3.3 km (Heavy Rail)
  • Temuco: Tren Temuco-Pitrufquen 29.4 km (Commuter Rail)

China

  • Beijing: Line 11 Jin’anqiao–Moshikou 1.2 km (Heavy Rail)
  • Beijing: Line 16 Yushuzhuang–Wanpingcheng 3.6 km (Heavy Rail)
  • Beijing: Line 17 Workers’ Stadium–Future Science Park North 25.2 km (Heavy Rail)
  • Beijing: Changping Line Qinghe Railway Station–Xitucheng 9.6 km (Heavy Rail)
  • Changchun: Line 4 Tiangong Road–Hejiatun 4.5 km (Light Rail)
  • Changsha: Xihuan Line Xiangtan North Railway Station–Shantang 18 km (Heavy Rail)
  • Changsha: Dawangshan Yunba 8.4 km (Light Metro)
  • Chengdu: Line 19 Jiujiang North–Hejiang 42.1 km (Heavy Rail)
  • Chongqing: Line 5 EXPO Garden Center–Yuegangbeilu 8.9 km (Heavy Rail)
  • Chongqing: Line 5 Dashiba–Shiqiaopu 5.2 km (Heavy Rail)
  • Chongqing: Line 9 Xingke Avenue–Huashigou 8.6 km (Heavy Rail)
  • Chongqing: Line 10 Liyuchi–Houbao 4.9 km (Heavy Rail)
  • Chongqing: Line 10 Houbao–Lanhualu 4.4 km (Heavy Rail)
  • Chongqing: Line 18 Fuhualu–Tiaodengnan 28.6 km (Heavy Rail)
  • Dalian: Line 5 Hutan Xinqu–Houguan 24.3 km (Heavy Rail)
  • Fuzhou: Line 4 Difengjiang–Fenghuangchi 23.3 km (Heavy Rail)
  • Fuzhou: Line 5 Ancient Luozhou Town–Fuzhou South Railway Station 5.2 km (Heavy Rail)
  • Guiyang: Line 3 Tongmu Ridge–Luo Bay 42.3 km (Heavy Rail)
  • Harbin: Line 3 Taipingqiao–Sports Park 3.3 km (Heavy Rail)
  • Hefei: Line 1 Hefei Railway Station–Zhangwa 5 km (Heavy Rail)
  • Hefei: Line 2 Sanshibu–Cuozhen 14.2 km (Heavy Rail)
  • Hefei: Line 3 Xingfuba–Guyanyi 11.3 km (Heavy Rail)
  • Jinhua: Yidong Line Sports Center–Ming and Qing Dynasty Palaces 16.8 km (Heavy Rail)
  • Lanzhou: Line 2 Yanbai Bridge–Dongfanghong Square 8.4 km (Heavy Rail)
  • Nanjing: Line S4 Chuzhou–Chahe 45 km (Heavy Rail)
  • Nanjing: Line 7 Yingtiandaji–Xishanqiao 12.3 km (Heavy Rail)
  • Nantong: Line 2 Happiness–Pioneer 20.7 km (Heavy Rail)
  • Pearl River Delta: Guangzhou Metro Line 5 Wenchong–Huangpu New Port 9.6 km (Heavy Rail)
  • Pearl River Delta: Guangzhou Metro Line 7 Higher Education Mega Center South–Yanshan 21.7 km (Heavy Rail)
  • Qingdao: Line 13 Jialingjiang Road–Jinggangshan Road 3 km (Heavy Rail)
  • Shaoxing: Line 2 Chengxi Road–Yuexing Road 10.3 km (Heavy Rail)
  • Shenyang: Line 2 Quanyunlu–Taoxianjichang 14.2 km (Heavy Rail)
  • Shenyang: Line 4 Zhengxin Road–Innovation Road 34.3 km (Heavy Rail)
  • Suzhou: Line 11 Weiting–Huaqiao 40.7 km (Heavy Rail)
  • Tianjin: Line 11 Dongjiangdao–Donglilujinglu 12.3 km (Heavy Rail)
  • Wenzhou: Line S2 Qingdong Road–Dongshan 64.6 km (Heavy Rail)
  • Wuhan: Line 5 Hubei University of Chinese Medicine–Hongxiacun 2.7 km (Heavy Rail)
  • Wuhan: Line 19 Wuhan Railway Station West Square–Xinyuexi Park 25.6 km (Heavy Rail)
  • Wuhan: Optics Valley Air Rail 10.4 km (Monorail)
  • Xian: Line 1 Fenghesenlingongyuan–Xianyangxizhan 10.9 km (Heavy Rail)
  • Xian: Line 2 Xi’an Beizhan–Caotan 3.5 km (Heavy Rail)
  • Xian: Line 2 Weiqunan–Changninggong 3.3 km (Heavy Rail)
  • Xian: Line 16 Qinchuangyuanzhongxin–Shijingli 15.3 km (Heavy Rail)
  • Zhengzhou: Line 3 Yinggang–Binhe Xincheng Nan 5.5 km (Heavy Rail)
  • Zhengzhou: Line 14 Olympic Sports Center–Lianhu 1.7 km (Heavy Rail)
  • Zhengzhou: Line 10 Zhengzhou Railway Station–Zhengzhou West Railway Station 21.6 km (Heavy Rail)
  • Zhengzhou: Zhengxu Line Xuchang East Railway Station–Chang’an Road North 68.3 km (Heavy Rail)

Costa Rica

  • San Jose: Interurbano Cartago–Oreamuno 2 km (Interurban)

Egypt

  • Cairo: Line 3 Extension to Cairo University 6.1 km (Heavy Rail)

Finland

  • Helsinki: Line 15 24.5 km (Light Rail)

France

  • Angers: Tramway B/C 8.4 km (Tramway) Link
  • Bordeaux: Tramway A Extension 4.7 km (Tramway) Link
  • Lyon: Metro B Extension 2.5 km (Heavy Rail) Link
  • Paris: Tramway 10 Jardin Parisien–La Croix de Berny 6.7 km (Tramway) Link
  • Paris: Tramway 12 Express 20.5 km (Tramway) Link
  • Strasbourg: BHNS G Gare Centrale–Rotterdam 5.3 km (Bus Rapid Transit)

Germany

  • Hanover: 17 Wallensteinstrasse–Hemmingen 3.1 km (Light Rail)

Indonesia

  • Jakarta: Greater Jakarta LRT Dukuh Atas–Cawang 10.1 km (Heavy Rail)
  • Jakarta: Greater Jakarta LRT Cawang–Bekasi Timur 17.8 km (Heavy Rail)
  • Jakarta: Cibubur Line Cawang–Baranangsiang 14.9 km (Heavy Rail)

India

  • Bengaluru: Purple Line Baiyappanahalli–Whitefield 15.5 km (Heavy Rail)
  • Bengaluru: Purple Line Kengeri–Challaghatta 1.7 km (Heavy Rail)
  • Delhi: Airport Express Dwarka Sector 21–ECC Centre 1.9 km (Heavy Rail)
  • Delhi: Delhi–Meerut RRTS Sahibabad–Duhai 14 km (Regional Rail)
  • Mumbai: Line 2 Dahanukarwadi–Andheri West 9 km (Heavy Rail)
  • Mumbai: Line 7 Aarey–Gundavali 6.4 km (Heavy Rail)
  • Mumbai: Navi Mumbai Line 1 CBD Belapur–Central Park 6.5 km (Heavy Rail)
  • Mumbai: Navi Mumbai Line 1 Central Park–Pendhar 4.4 km (Heavy Rail)

Iran

  • Tehran: Line 7 Sanat–Meydan Kitab 4.4 km (Heavy Rail)
  • Tehran: Line 6 Imam Hossein–Trabiat Modares University 8.7 km (Heavy Rail)
  • Shiraz: Line 2 Imam Hossein–Shokoufeh 8.6 km (Heavy Rail)

Israel

  • Tel Aviv: Red Line 24.4 km (Light Rail)

Italy

  • Milano: M4 (Dateo-San Babila) 1.8 km (Light Metro) Link

Japan

  • Fukuoka: Nanakuma Line Tenjin-Minami–Hakata 1.5 km (Heavy Rail)
  • Utsunomiya: Utsunomiya Light Rail Utsunomiya Station East–Haga Takanezawa Industrial Park 14.5 km (Light Rail)

Malaysia

  • Kuala Lumpur: 12 Putrajaya Line Kampung Batu–Putrajaya Sentral 40.6 km (Heavy Rail)

Mexico

  • Mexico: Mexicable Linea 2 8.2 km (Aerial Tram)
  • Mexico: Tren Interurbano Lerma–Zinacantepec 20.4 km (Commuter Rail) Link
  • Yucatan: Tren Maya Cancun–Campeche 470.2 km (Intercity Rail)

Morocco

  • Casablanca: Casabusway 1 12.6 km (Bus Rapid Transit) Link
  • Casablanca: Casabusway 2 11.9 km (Bus Rapid Transit) Link

Netherlands

  • Rotterdam: B Extension to Hoek van Holland 2 km (Heavy Rail)

Nigeria

  • Lagos: Blue Line Marina–Mile 2 12.6 km (Heavy Rail)

Panama

  • Panama: Linea 2 Airport Extension 2 km (Heavy Rail) Link

Portugal

  • Lisboa: Funicular da Graca 0.1 km (Cable Rail)

Qatar

  • Doha: Green Line 4.2 km (Tramway)

Russia

  • Moscow: 8A Rasskazovka–Vnukovo 4.8 km (Heavy Rail)
  • Moscow: 10 Seligerskaya–Fiztekh 6.1 km (Heavy Rail)
  • Moscow: 11 Elektrozavodskaya–Savyolovskaya 7.4 km (Heavy Rail)
  • Moscow: 11 Kashirskaya–Nizhegorodskaya 11.3 km (Heavy Rail)
  • Moscow: D3 Zelenograd-Kryukovo–Ippodrom 84.4 km (Regional Rail)
  • Moscow: D4 Aprelevka–Zheleznodorozhnaya 80.5 km (Regional Rail)

Senegal

  • Dakar: Train express régional Dakar-AIBD 19.9 km (Commuter Rail)

South Korea

  • Seoul: Line 1 Soyosan–Yeoncheon 18.1 km (Heavy Rail)
  • Seoul: Seohae Line Sosa–Neunggok 16.8 km (Regional Rail)

Spain

  • Malaga: Metro Malaga Extension L1/L2 1.2 km (Tramway)
  • Vitoria: Tranvía extension to Salburua 2.5 km (Tramway)

Thailand

  • Bangkok: Pink Line Nonthaburi Civic Center–Min Buri 34.4 km (Monorail) Link
  • Bangkok: Yellow Line Lat Samrong–Hua Mak 16.5 km (Monorail)
  • Bangkok: Yellow Line Lat Phrao–Hua Mak 12.3 km (Monorail)
  • Bangkok: Suvarnabhumi Airport Automated People Mover 1.1 km (Light Metro)

Turkey

  • Ankara: M4 Ataturk Kultur Merkezi–15 Temmuz Kizilay Milli Irade 3.6 km (Heavy Rail)
  • Istanbul: M3 Basaksehir/MetroKent–Kayasehir Merkez 5.8 km (Heavy Rail)
  • Istanbul: M8 Bostanci–Parseller 14.3 km (Heavy Rail)
  • Istanbul: M11 Kargo Terminali–Gayrettepe 36.7 km (Heavy Rail)
  • Istanbul: T5 Cibali–Eminonu 1.1 km (Tramway)

Taiwan

  • Taipei: Ankeng Light Rail Shisizhang–Shuangcheng 7.6 km (Light Rail)
  • Taipei: Taoyuan Airport MRT Huanbei–Laojie River 0.9 km (Heavy Rail)

United Kingdom

  • Birmingham: West Midlands Metro Wolverhampton City Centre Loop 0.6 km (Light Rail) Link
  • Edinburgh: Edinburgh Trams Newhaven Extension 4.5 km (Tramway) Link
  • London: Luton DART 2 km (Cable Rail) Link

Planned 2024 openings

Cities around the world expect to complete far more projects in 2024 than in 2023—with 3,014 kilometers of new urban transit planned for completion. That said, large projects of this sort have a history of being delayed. So we’ll see.

Among those countries with projects planned to open in 2024, China represents 50 percent of planned route kilometers, the U.S. 10 percent, India 7 percent, Saudia Arabia 6 percent, and Turkey 4 percent. Together, the E.U. will add 4 percent of new route kilometers.

Major projects planned for opening in 2024 include:

  • Agra Lines 1 and 2;
  • Beijing Line 12;
  • Bengaluru Yellow Line;
  • Cairo Monorail (two lines);
  • Casablanca T3 and T4 tramway;
  • Changchun Line 6;
  • Chengdu Lines 13, 17, 27, and S3;
  • Fuzhou Binhai Express;
  • Hefei Line 6;
  • Ho Chi Minh City metro opening
  • Istanbul Metro 11;
  • Kolkata Line 6;
  • Milano M4 completion;
  • Montréal REM (two branches and central segment);
  • Mumbai Line 2 extension;
  • Nanjing Line 5 and 6 extensions;
  • Paris Metro 11 and 14 extensions, plus RER E regional rail subway to La Défense;
  • Patna Lines 1 and 2;
  • Pearl River Delta Guangzhou Metro Lines 11 and 12;
  • Riyadh metro opening;
  • Seattle East Link (first phase) and Lynnwood Link light rail;
  • Seoul GTX A regional rail;
  • Shanghai Airport Link Line regional rail;
  • Suzhou Lines 6, 8, and 8;
  • Sydney Metro City and Southwest line;
  • Taiyuan Line 1;
  • Tianjin Line 7, Z4, and B1;
  • Toronto Eglinton Crosstown;
  • Wuhan Lines 12 and S1;
  • Xiamen Line 6;
  • Xi’an Line 8;
  • Zhengzhou Lines 7 and 8;
Planned 2024 rapid transit line openings

Below, I list the transit projects that are planned for opening in 2024, with the United States listed first, followed by other countries in alphabetical order. Projects are listed by metropolitan area.

United States

  • Baton Rouge, Louisiana: 15.5 km (Arterial Rapid Transit) Link. This north-south route will criss-cross the city center.
  • Boston, Massachusetts: South Coast Rail Phase 1 60.4 km (Commuter Rail) Link. This line will add new commuter rail service from Boston to Fall River and New Bedford.
  • Chicago, Illinois: Northwest Indiana Double Track Project (existing corridor) 41.5 km (Commuter Rail) Link. This project will add a second track to improve service between Chicago and South Bend.
  • Indianapolis, Indiana: Purple Line 15.8 km (Bus Rapid Transit) Link. This is the city’s second BRT route, connecting downtown with Fort Harrison.
  • Los Angeles, California: Crenshaw Line Phase 2 Westchester/Veterans–Aviation 3.9 km (Light Rail) Link. This will extend the recently opened K Line to the LAX airport.
  • Miami, Florida: South Dade TransitWay Corridor 31.2 km (Bus Rapid Transit) Link. This is an improvement on the existing corridor.
  • Miami, Florida: Downtown Miami Link 14.3 km (Commuter Rail) Link. This repeatedly delayed project will bring Tri-Rail service to downtown for the first time, courtesy of Brightline’s tracks.
  • Monterey, California: Monterey County Rail Extension 60.4 km (Commuter Rail) Link. This will extend Caltrain service from Gilroy to Salinas.
  • Orlando, Florida: SunRail Phase 2 (North) 19 km (Regional Rail) Link. This will extend the existing line from DeBary to DeLand.
  • Phoenix, Arizona: Northwest Phase 2 2.5 km (Light Rail) Link. This will extend the existing line to the Metrocenter Mall.
  • Phoenix, Arizona: South Central Corridor 9.4 km (Light Rail) Link. This route will connect downtown with Baseline route.
  • Seattle, Washington: Lynnwood Link 13.7 km (Light Rail) Link. This will extend the city’s light rail north of the city.
  • Seattle, Washington: Madison St RapidRide G 4.6 km (Bus Rapid Transit) Link. This line will run northeast from the city center.
  • Seattle, Washington: Swift Orange Line 16.6 km (Arterial Rapid Transit) Link. This suburban route will connect Mill Creek and Edmonds.
  • Seattle, Washington: East Link Blue Line South Bellevue–Redmond Technology 10.1 km (Light Rail) Link. This is the first phase in a line that will eventually connect downtown Seattle with Bellevue.

Australia

  • Sydney: Metro City and Southwest Chatswood–Bankstown 30.2 km (Heavy Rail) Link
  • Sydney: Parramatta Light Rail Phase 1 Westmead–Carlingford 10.9 km (Light Rail) Link

Belarus

  • Minsk: Zelenaluzhskaya Line Slutsk Gastinets 4.2 km (Heavy Rail)

Brazil

  • Rio de Janeiro: TransBrasil 31.7 km (Bus Rapid Transit)
  • São Paulo: GRU Airport People Mover 2.5 km (Light Metro)

Canada

  • Montréal, Québec: REM Central Segment 10.1 km (Light Metro) Link
  • Montréal, Québec: REM Deux Montagnes Branch 19.6 km (Light Metro) Link
  • Montréal, Québec: REM Western Branch 15.5 km (Light Metro) Link
  • Ottawa, Ontario: O-Train Trillium Line South 14.3 km (Light Rail) Link
  • Toronto, Ontario: Line 5 Eglinton Crosstown 18.9 km (Light Rail) Link
  • Toronto, Ontario: Line 6 Finch West LRT 10.5 km (Light Rail) Link
  • Toronto, Ontario: Hurontario LRT 17.9 km (Light Rail) Link

China

  • Beijing: Line 1 Pingguoyuan–Fushouling 3.1 km (Heavy Rail)
  • Beijing: Line 3 Dongsi Shitiao–Dongbabei 15 km (Heavy Rail)
  • Beijing: Line 12 Sijiqing–Dongbabei 29.4 km (Heavy Rail)
  • Beijing: Line 13A Dazhongsi–Chegongzhuang 3.9 km (Heavy Rail)
  • Beijing: Line 17 Workers’ Stadium–Shilihe 7.8 km (Heavy Rail)
  • Beijing: Changping Line Xitucheng–Jimenqiao 0.9 km (Heavy Rail)
  • Changchun: Line 6 Shuangfeng–Changchun Movie Wonderland 28.1 km (Heavy Rail)
  • Changsha: Line 6 Huanghua Airport T1–Huanghua Airport T3 4.2 km (Heavy Rail)
  • Changsha: Line 1 Kaifu District Government–Jinpenqiu 10.7 km (Heavy Rail)
  • Chengdu: Line 8 Lianhua–Longgang 1.1 km (Heavy Rail)
  • Chengdu: Line 8 Shilidian–Guilong Road 6.4 km (Heavy Rail)
  • Chengdu: Line 10 Taipingyuan–Luomashi 7 km (Heavy Rail)
  • Chengdu: Line 13 Longan–Wayaotan 30.4 km (Heavy Rail)
  • Chengdu: Line 17 Jitouqiao–Gao Hong 24.6 km (Heavy Rail)
  • Chengdu: Line 18 South Railway Station–North Railway Station 10.7 km (Heavy Rail)
  • Chengdu: Line 27 Stone Buddha–Shuxin Road 25.7 km (Heavy Rail)
  • Chengdu: S3 Ziyang North Railway Station–Futian 38.5 km (Heavy Rail)
  • Fuzhou: Line 4 Fenghuangchi–Banzhou 5.1 km (Heavy Rail)
  • Fuzhou: Binhai Express 62.2 km (Heavy Rail)
  • Harbin: Line 3 Taipingqiao–Sports Park 9.9 km (Heavy Rail)
  • Hefei: Line 6 Longtang–Xiaoshu Mountain 29.3 km (Heavy Rail)
  • Hefei: Line 7 Songlin Lu–Chaohu Nanlu 20.2 km (Heavy Rail)
  • Hefei: Line 8 Hefei Beicheng Railway Station–Yilijing 23 km (Heavy Rail)
  • Hefei: Line 4 Longtang–Xiaoshu Mountain 13.1 km (Heavy Rail)
  • Hong Kong: Extension to T2 3 km (Light Metro)
  • Jinan: Line 3 Tantou–Yaoqiang Airport 12.5 km (Heavy Rail)
  • Kunming: Line 2 South Ring Road–Haidong Park 13 km (Heavy Rail)
  • Liuzhou: Line 2 Xianglanxincun–Bailian Airport 19.6 km (Heavy Rail)
  • Macau: Taipa Line Taipa–Barra 3 km (Light Metro)
  • Macau: Seac Pai Van Line 1.1 km (Light Metro)
  • Nanjing: Line 10 Andemen–Shiyangdonglu 12.9 km (Heavy Rail)
  • Nanjing: Line 3 Mozhoudonglu–Molingjiedao 3 km (Heavy Rail)
  • Nanjing: Line 5 Fangjiaying–Jiyindadao 37.5 km (Heavy Rail)
  • Nanjing: Line 6 Qixiashan–Nanjing South Railway Station 32.8 km (Heavy Rail)
  • Nanjing: Line 7 Mufuxilu–Yingtiandaji 10.7 km (Heavy Rail)
  • Ningbo: Line 5 Buzheng–Camel Bridge 10.7 km (Heavy Rail)
  • Pearl River Delta: Guangzhou Metro Line 3 Panyu Square–Haibang 8.8 km (Heavy Rail)
  • Pearl River Delta: Guangzhou Metro Line 10 Xilang–Shipaiqiao 18.7 km (Heavy Rail)
  • Pearl River Delta: Guangzhou Metro Line 11 Huajing Lu–Pazhou 42.3 km (Heavy Rail)
  • Pearl River Delta: Guangzhou Metro Line 12 Xunfenggang–Higher Education Mega Center South 38.2 km (Heavy Rail)
  • Pearl River Delta: Shenzhen Metro Line 7 Xili Lake–Xuefu Hospital 2.2 km (Heavy Rail)
  • Pearl River Delta: Shenzhen Metro Line 8 Yantian Road–Xiaomeisha 8.2 km (Heavy Rail)
  • Pearl River Delta: Guangqing Intercity Railway Qingcheng–Provincial Vocational Education City 19.6 km (Regional Rail)
  • Shanghai: Line 2 East Xujing–Panxiang Road 1.5 km (Heavy Rail)
  • Shanghai: Line 17 Oriental Land–Xicen 8.1 km (Heavy Rail)
  • Shanghai: Airport Link Line Hongqiao–Shanghai East Railway Station 70.3 km (Regional Rail)
  • Shaoxing: Line 1 Branch Huangjiu Town–Exhibition and Convention Center 7.2 km (Heavy Rail)
  • Shenyang: Line 3 BMW New Factory–Xintai Street 41.9 km (Heavy Rail)
  • Shijiazhuang: Line 1 Fuze–Dongyang 4.1 km (Heavy Rail)
  • Suzhou: Line 6 Suzhou Xinqu Railway Station–Xinqing Lu 35.3 km (Heavy Rail)
  • Suzhou: Line 7 Moyang–Hongzhuang 31.8 km (Heavy Rail)
  • Suzhou: Line 8 Xijinqiao–Chefeng 35.8 km (Heavy Rail)
  • Taiyuan: Line 1 Xishan Mining Bureau–Wusu Airport 27.4 km (Heavy Rail)
  • Tianjin: Line 4 Hebeidajie–Xiaojie 21.2 km (Heavy Rail)
  • Tianjin: Line 8 Lushuidao–Lushuigongyuan 19 km (Heavy Rail)
  • Tianjin: Line 7 Saidalu–Xifengdao 25.5 km (Heavy Rail)
  • Tianjin: Line 11 Dongjiangdao–Wenjielu 14.2 km (Heavy Rail)
  • Tianjin: Z4 Yincheng Street–Metro Six 43 km (Heavy Rail)
  • Tianjin: B1 Xinjia Garden East–Metro Four 33 km (Heavy Rail)
  • Urumqi: Line 2 Nanmen–Huashan Street 13.3 km (Heavy Rail)
  • Wuhan: Line 11 Wuhandong Railway Station–Jiang’an Road 17.9 km (Heavy Rail)
  • Wuhan: Line 12 Science Park–Qingling 21.7 km (Heavy Rail)
  • Wuxi: Line S1 Yanqiao–Jiangyin Waitan 31.1 km (Heavy Rail)
  • Xiamen: Line 6 Longjiangmingzhu–Dong’an 31 km (Heavy Rail)
  • Xian: Line 8 loop 49.9 km (Heavy Rail)
  • Xiongan: R1 Daxing Airport-Xiongan Terminal 86.7 km (Regional Rail)
  • Zhengzhou: Line 6 Changzhuang–Tsinghua High School 32.1 km (Heavy Rail)
  • Zhengzhou: Line 7 Eastern Zhao–Houzhai 29.7 km (Heavy Rail)
  • Zhengzhou: Line 8 Green Expo Garden–Tianjian Lake 58.5 km (Heavy Rail)

Denmark

  • Copenhagen: M4 Kobenhavn H-Ny Ellebjerg 5.2 km (Light Metro) Link

Egypt

  • Cairo: Cairo Monorail – New Administrative Capital Line 58 km (Monorail)
  • Cairo: Cairo Monorail – 6th of October City Line 43.1 km (Monorail)
  • Cairo: Line 3 Extension to Rod el-Farag 6.8 km (Heavy Rail)

France

  • Bordeaux: Bordeaux-St-Aubin-Medoc BHNS 22.3 km (Bus Rapid Transit) Link
  • Paris: M11 Est Phase 6.0 km (Heavy Rail) Link
  • Paris: M14 Sud 12.7 km (Heavy Rail) Link
  • Paris: M14 Nord Phase 2 2.1 km (Heavy Rail) Link
  • Paris: T Zen 4 14.7 km (Bus Rapid Transit) Link
  • Paris: RER E Haussmann–Nanterre La Folie 8.6 km (Regional Rail) Link
  • Paris: Tram 3b Porte Dauphine Extension 3.2 km (Tramway) Link

Greece

  • Thessaloniki: Line 1/2 9.6 km (Light Metro) Link

Indonesia

  • Jakarta: Southern Line Velodrome–Pramuka 2.5 km (Heavy Rail)

India

  • Agra: Line 1 Sikandra–Taj East Gate 13.9 km (Heavy Rail)
  • Agra: Line 2 Kalindi Vihar–Agra Cantt 16.3 km (Heavy Rail)
  • Ahmedabad: Line GIFT City Branch 14.5 km (Heavy Rail) Link
  • Bengaluru: Green Line Nagasandra–Madavara 3.9 km (Heavy Rail)
  • Bengaluru: Yellow Line Rashtreeya Vidyalaya Road–Bommasandra 19.2 km (Heavy Rail)
  • Bhopal: Red Line Bhadbhada Square–Ratnagiri Tiraha 13.1 km (Heavy Rail) Link
  • Bhopal: Blue Line Karond Circle–AIIMS 14.7 km (Heavy Rail) Link
  • Chennai: MRTS Velachery–St. Thomas Mount 4.5 km (Heavy Rail) Link
  • Kolkata: Line 4 Noapara–Biman Bandar 7.2 km (Heavy Rail)
  • Kolkata: Line 6 Biman Bandar–Kavi Subhash 29.4 km (Heavy Rail)
  • Mumbai: Line 2 ESIC Nagar–Mandala 23.9 km (Heavy Rail)
  • Mumbai: Line 3 Aarey Colony–Bandra Kurla Complex 11.7 km (Heavy Rail)
  • Patna: Line 1 Khemni Chak–Danapur Cantonment 16.7 km (Heavy Rail)
  • Patna: Line 2 New ISBT–Patna Junction 13.8 km (Heavy Rail)

Italy

  • Cagliari: L1 – FS 2.4 km (Tramway)
  • Catania: Metropolitana Nesima-Monte Po 1.1 km (Heavy Rail)
  • Genova: Metropolitana Brin-Canepari 0.9 km (Light Metro) Link
  • Milano: M4 (San Babila-San Cristoforo) 7.4 km (Light Metro) Link
  • Napoli: Linea 6 Mergellina–Municipio 3.4 km (Light Metro) Link
  • Napoli: Linea 1 Tribunale–Piazza Garibaldi 2.3 km (Heavy Rail) Link

Japan

  • Osaka: Kita-Osaka Kyuko Railway Senri-Chuo–Mino-Kayano 2.5 km (Heavy Rail)

Luxembourg

  • Luxembourg: Tramway T1 Phase D (Stadion) 3.6 km (Tramway) Link

Mexico

  • Guadalajara: Linea 4 20.5 km (Light Rail) Link
  • Mexico City: Linea 12 Extension 3.9 km (Heavy Rail) Link
  • Mexico City: Tren Interurbano Lerma–Observatorio 39 km (Commuter Rail) Link
  • Mexico City: Lechería-AIFA Suburban Line Extension 22.1 km (Commuter Rail) Link
  • Mexico City: Cablebus Linea 3 4.9 km (Aerial Tram) Link
  • Yucatan: Tren Maya Cancun–Escarcega 619.8 km (Intercity Rail)

Morocco

  • Agadir: Agadir BRT 15.5 km (Bus Rapid Transit) Link
  • Casablanca: T3 13.7 km (Tramway) Link
  • Casablanca: T4 12.4 km (Tramway) Link

Nigeria

  • Lagos: Red Line 32.4 km (Heavy Rail)

Philippines

  • Manila: LRT Line 1 Baclaran–Dr. Santos 6.6 km (Light Metro)

Portugal

  • Lisboa: Linha Verde Extension Rato–Cais do Sodre 2.5 km (Heavy Rail) Link
  • Porto: Linha D (Amarela) Extension – Vila d’Este 3 km (Tramway) Link

Russia

  • Moscow: 1 Kommunarka–Potapovo 2.2 km (Heavy Rail)
  • Saint Petersburg: M4 Spasskaya–Gorny Institut 4.3 km (Heavy Rail)
  • Saint Petersburg: M6 Putilovskaya–Yugo-Zapadnaya 3.4 km (Heavy Rail)

Saudi Arabia

  • Riyadh: Line 1 – Blue 39.2 km (Heavy Rail)
  • Riyadh: Line 2 – Red 25.5 km (Heavy Rail)
  • Riyadh: Line 3 – Orange 41.5 km (Heavy Rail)
  • Riyadh: Line 4 – Yellow 20.2 km (Heavy Rail)
  • Riyadh: Lines 4/6 – Yellow/Purple 9 km (Heavy Rail)
  • Riyadh: Line 5 – Green 12.4 km (Heavy Rail)
  • Riyadh: Line 6 – Purple 20.7 km (Heavy Rail)

Singapore

  • Singapore: North East Line Punggol–Punggol Coast 1.3 km (Heavy Rail) Link
  • Singapore: Thomson-East Coast Line Gardens by the Bay–Bayshore 10.6 km (Heavy Rail) Link

South Africa

  • Johannesburg: Rea Vaya Phase 1C 15.9 km (Bus Rapid Transit) Link

South Korea

  • Daegu: Line 1 Ansim–Hayang 9.2 km (Heavy Rail)
  • Seoul: Line 8 Amsa–Byeollae 12.9 km (Heavy Rail)
  • Seoul: Incheon Subway Line 1 Gyeyang–Geomdan 4.8 km (Heavy Rail)
  • Seoul: GTX A Suseo–Dongtan 33.4 km (Regional Rail)
  • Seoul: Sinansan Line Yeouido–Hanyang University 30.7 km (Regional Rail)

Spain

  • Barcelona: Conexión Trambaix-Trambesòs 1.8 km (Tramway) Link
  • Madrid: L3 to El Casar 3.8 km (Heavy Rail) Link
  • Palma: M1 UIB–Parc Bit 1.4 km (Light Metro)

Taiwan

  • Kaohsiung: Circular Light Rail Heart of Love River–Kaisyuan Park 4.9 km (Tramway)

Turkey

  • Bursa: BursaRay Emek–Sehir Hastanesi 4.6 km (Light Rail) Link
  • Gebze: M1 15.9 km (Heavy Rail)
  • Istanbul: M1B Kirazli–Halkali 9.1 km (Heavy Rail) Link
  • Istanbul: M3 Kirazli–Barkirkoy IDO 8.5 km (Heavy Rail) Link
  • Istanbul: M5 Cekmekoy–Sancaktepe Sehir Hastanesi 3.2 km (Heavy Rail) Link
  • Istanbul: M7 Yildiz–Kabatas 3.5 km (Heavy Rail) Link
  • Istanbul: M9 Bahariye–Atakoy 11.4 km (Heavy Rail) Link
  • Istanbul: M11 Kargo Terminali–Halkali 32.7 km (Heavy Rail)
  • Istanbul: M14 Altunizade–Bosna Bulvari 4.6 km (Heavy Rail)
  • Istanbul: T6 8.4 km (Tramway) Link
  • Izmir: M1 Fahrettin Altay–Kaymakamlik hatti 7.1 km (Heavy Rail)
  • Izmir: T1 Atasehir–Mavisehir IZBAN 1.6 km (Tramway)
  • Izmir: T3 10.1 km (Tramway)

Ukraine

  • Dnipro: Dnipro Metro Vokzalna–Dnipro 4.3 km (Heavy Rail)

United Kingdom

  • Birmingham: West Midlands Metro Wednesbury to Brierley Hill Extension 10.9 km (Light Rail) Link
  • Blackpool: Blackpool Tramway Extension 0.5 km (Tramway) Link

Vietnam

  • Ho Chi Minh: Line 1 Ben Thanh–New Eastern Bus Station 19.2 km (Heavy Rail)

15 replies on “Transit Project Openings in 2024: A Global Review”

Hi, there are two projects on this page that are missing. First is Melbourne’s Metro Tunnel, which has its opening pushed forward to September, and Perth’s Morley–Ellenbrook Line which is planned to open sometime later this year.

Best, Alice

Extensions to both the north and south ends of the Jerusalem light rail red line are expected to open this year

İstanbul is somewhat incorrect for 2024. M5 will be extended twice this year, first to Sancaktepe in March, then to Sultanbeyli by the end of the year, M14 has no chance of opening this year, M11 is supposed to open from Kargo Terminali to Kayaşehir, and MAYBE fro Kayaşehir to Halkalı this year, but that’s doubtful. M1B doesn’t even have a working contract yet, so there’s 0 chance that opens this year. M7 is also in long term archeological delay, so that one is doubtful, and if it opens it will open bypassing Beşiktaş for the first 3 years or so.

Also since it did not actually happen last year, we’re all hoping M11 gets extended from Kağithane to Gayrettepe. The station has been done for a year, but they haven’t bothered to open it. The National government really needs to leave metro construction to the cities. They’re better at it.

Thanks for this article. It’s great to see all these projects listed in one place.

The information for Cairo is incorrect. “Line 3 Extension to Cairo University” (listed as opened in 2023) is still in construction (with an optimistic start date of late 2024). I think this was mixed up with “Line 3 Extension to Rod el-Farag” (listed as opening in 2024) which almost opened in 2023, but actually started on 1st January 2024.

Also for Cairo, the “Monorail – New Administrative Capital Line” is optimistically planned to open in 2024 and might happen. But “Monorail – 6th of October City Line” is at least 12-18 behind that and I’m not aware of a recently shared opening date.

I noticed that the Shin-Yokohama Line (Tokyu-Sotetsu Connector) is missing from the list of Japanese projects that opened in 2023. I suppose it might not be notable enough, although the number of people (read: foamers) who came out to ride it on opening day rivaled even Silver Line Phase 2 in Virginia. People love their trains in Japan.

Every new year I look forward to reading this annual article. It’s one of the highlights of January for me! Thanks so much for consolidating all this great info in one place.

Hi Jonah, they are planning on opening a monorail in Santiago de los Caballeros in the Dominican Republic and an extension to line two of the Santo Domingo Metro

Thank you for the 2023-2023 update! Looks great. Is there a reason certain existing and currently under construction transit systems and cities are not included? For proposals, I assume some are too tentative to be included? I hope we can see some of these on the map in the future:
1. Zurich trams and rail in Switzerland – existing
2. Melbourne, Australia – existing and under construction
3. Auckland rail and New New Zealand – existing
4. Belgrade, Serbia metro – under construction
5. Fehmarn Belt Fixed Link, Germany-Denmark – under construction
6. Rail Baltica Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania – under construction
7. New York Penn Access Phase II – proposal
8. Boston North South Link – proposal

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